Illinois Learning Standards
Stage E - Fine Arts—Visual Arts
Students who meet the standard understand the sensory
elements, organizational principles, and expressive qualities
of the arts.
- Distinguish between figure and ground in a still life
- Differentiate between positive and negative spaces in
- Describe value and line and how they transform shapes
to 3-D forms.
- Distinguish the light and dark values of a color using
a monochromatic scale.
- Recognize a repeated element that creates a random rhythm
(e.g., crazy quilt).
- Recognize variation in size and proportion to express
an idea (e.g., Giacommetti's, Botero's, and Tatlin's sculptures).
- Identify universal symbols from every day life.
- Describe the moods depicted in a variety of art works
with the same subjects (e.g., landscapes, still life).
Students who meet the standard understand the similarities,
distinctions, and connections in and among the arts.
- Explain how elements, principles, and tools are combined
to express an idea in a work of art.
- Explain why specific elements, principles, and tools were
used in a work of art created by the student or another
Students who meet the standard understand processes,
traditional tools, and modern technologies used in the arts.
- Select and use appropriate tools and materials to create
in 2-D and 3-D (e.g., Tools: pens, fine and coarse brushes;
Materials: scratch board, styrofoam).
- Explain the processes used with specific tools (e.g.,
clay sculpture: coil, slab; chalk: smudge, rubbing).
- Recognize the different characteristics of similar materials
(e.g., watercolor/tempera; plasticene clay/fire clay; crayon/chalk).
- Describe and/or demonstrate how the same idea is executed
in 2-D and 3-D media.
- Describe or demonstrate tools and processes of printmaking
(e.g., block, mono, stamp, vegetable printing).
- Describe or demonstrate the process of weaving (e.g.,
paper weaving, cardboard, loom).
- Describe or demonstrate the process of photography (e.g.,
camera, darkroom, paper prints).
- Describe or demonstrate various processes that can be
used to create sculpture (e.g., clay, paper mache, found
Students who meet the standard can apply skills
and knowledge necessary to create and perform in one or more
of the arts.
- Create a cartoon strip with a sequence of actions.
- Draw a still life composed of objects based on mechanical
forms (e.g., balls, boxes, blocks, cups) demonstrating overlap
- Sketch and build a sculpture from a 2-D drawing.
- Design an architectural structure from imagination.
- Draw a building from observation using geometric shapes
- Create the illusion of depth in a 2-D art work (e.g.,
overlap, size change, placement, color change, detail).
- Construct a plan for a work of art using research.
Students who meet the standard can analyze how the
arts function in history, society and everyday life.
- Evaluate audience behaviors of self and others.
- Explain how works of art relate to the environment where
they are performed or displayed and how the space affects
the art works (e.g., outdoor sculpture, murals, theatre
in the round, dancing in a parade vs. on a stage).
- Describe how the site (e.g., outdoor art fair vs. museum,
half-time show at a sporting event vs. symphony hall) influences
who the audience is and the way the audience responds.
- Explain ways dance, drama, music, and visual art play
a part in everyday life (e.g. education, architecture, landscape
design, political cartoons, fashion design, background music,
- Analyze how the arts are used in commercial applications
(e.g., posters, TV commercials, package design, industrial
- Categorize types of artists with their art and art related
products or performances (e.g., commercial artist, artistic
Students who meet the standard understand how the
arts shape and reflect history, society and everyday life.
- Describe how the same idea is expressed in works of art
(e.g., portraits, wedding dances, national anthems) from
different cultures, times, or places.
- Compare the ways different cultures, times, or places
use materials to produce works of art (e.g., musical instruments,
masks, puppets, pottery, textiles).
- List artists who have made significant contributions and
describe their ideas.
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Assessments and Performance Descriptors